Brief object description

Object number: nn11190
Owner: Horniman Museum and Gardens
Probable date: 19th c.
Photo credit: Angelica Isa
Image reproduction permission: Horniman Museum and Gardens

This (probably German) willow basket was not registered in the museum collections. It was found in pieces inside a bag in a box. As can sometimes happen, it’s very likely that this basket fell off a shelf and got crushed by the moving shelving units.

I chose this project as a restoration project in order to increase the value of the object and prevent continued deterioration.

State before conservation

Basket as it was found Photo of broken basket as it was found in storage.

The basket was broken in various small pieces which had to be reviewed individually to try to fit them together. Labeled drawing of the basket before conservation Technical drawing reconstruction of the basket before conservation.

Investigations

Since it would be necessary to reconstruct parts of the basket in order to return some structural stability to the item once the small pieces were put together, it was important to carry out investigations not only on the basket’s possible background, dating, original use and meaning, but also on the construction techniques and materials used to build it.

Technical diagram of basket base construction Technical drawing of basket base construction.

Technical drawing of basket weaving design before conservation Technical drawing of basket weaving design.


Conservation process

”[Maintenance] is essential to the ‘lifetime’ of the work of art and alone has permitted the survival of so many objects that have thus come down to us. That action, precisely because it is an act of intentional maintenance and conservation, ‘must’ occur if we do not want the passage of time to reduce the already worn object to an arbitrary reality worse than any forgery.” (Baldini, 1996:355)

Adhesion of main basket pieces Several adhesives were reviewed for strength, flexibility and tack. Original pieces were put together.

Creating new stakes and strands Creating new stakes and strands from Japanese tissue paper and conservation-appropriate acrylic paints.

Basket after putting in stakes Basket after putting in new stakes.

Basket after weaving in new strands Weaving in new strands. The extra length in strands was later trimmed and tucked.

After conservation process

Basket side after conservation Basket side after conservation. Note that the new, added strands are purposefully easily distinguished from the original material.

Basket after conservation from the top Top view of the basket after conservation.

New basket mount A special base was created to protect the frail frame from physical damage by allowing it to “float” and avoid forcing it to hold its own weight at the base.

Bibliography

BALDINI, U. (1978) “Theory of restoration and methodological unity” In: PRICE, N. TALLEY, M. and MELUCCO-VACCARO, A. (1996). Historical and philosophical issues in the conservation of cultural heritage. 1st ed. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute, pp.355-357

Acknowledgments

This conservation process was carried out in 2013-2014 with the generous guidance of the staff at the Horniman Museum and Gardens, in London. I would also like to thank Verena Kotonski (British Museum) and Joanna Holt-Farndale for their invaluable guidance during this project.